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12月英語四級考試第2套真題試卷及答案

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英語四級考試涉及的語法知識點多、涉及面寬,對不少考生來說都是一個難題。考生要多刷真題鞏固練習考點內容,下面小編就跟大家聊聊關于12月英語四級考試第2套真題試卷及答案吧,希望能幫助到大家。

12月英語四級考試真題試卷(完整版 第2套)

Part I Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short easy on how to besthandle the relationship between teachers and students. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

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Part II Listening Comprehension (25 minutes)

聽力音頻MP3文件,點擊進入聽力真題頁面

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each newsreport, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions willbe spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer fromthe four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1. A) It tries entertain its audience.

B) It tries to look into the distance.

C) It wants to catch people's attention.

D) It has got one of its limbs injured.

2. A) It was spotted by animal protection officials.

B) It was filmed by a local television reporter.

C) Its videos Were posted on social media.

D) Its picture won a photography prize.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3. A) The distance travelled.

B) The incidence of road accidents.

C) The spending on gas.

D) The number of people travelling.

4. A) Fewer people are commuting.

B) Gas consumption is soaring.

C) Job growth is slowing down.

D) Rush-hour traffic is worsening.

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5. A) He told a stranger the sad story about himself.

B) He helped a stranger to carry groceries to his car.

C) He went up to a stranger and pulled at his sleeves.

D) He washed a stranger's car in return for some food.

6. A) He ordered a lot of food for his family.

B) He gave him a job at his own company.

C) He raised a large sum of money for him.

D) He offered him a scholarship for college.

7. A) He works hard to support his family.

B) He is an excellent student at school.

C) He is very good at making up stories.

D) He has been disabled since boyhood.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of eachconversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questionswill be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answerfrom the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. A) Attended an economics lecture.

B) Taken a walk on Charles Street.

C) Had a drink at Queen Victoria.

D) Had dinner at a new restaurant.

9. A) Treat a college friend to dinner.

B) Make preparations for a seminar.

C) Attend his brothers birthday party.

D) Visit some of his high school friends.

10. A) Gather statistics for his lecture.

B) Throw a surprise birthday party.

C) Meet with Jonathan's friends on the weekend.

D) Join him in his brother's birthday celebration.

11. A) By car.

B) By train.

C) By taxi.

D) By bus.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. A) Taking a vacation abroad.

B) Reviewing for his last exam.

C) Saving enough money for a rainy day.

D) Finding a better way to earn money.

13. A) Preparing for his final exams.

B) Negotiating with his boss for a raise.

C) Working part time as a waiter.

D) Helping the woman with her courses.

14. A) Finish her term paper.

B) Save enough money.

C) Learn a little bit of Spanish.

D) Ask her parent's permission.

15. A) He has rich sailing experience.

B) He speaks Spanish fluently.

C) He is also eager to go to Spain.

D) He is easy to get along with.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spokenonly once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the fourchoices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. A) She went to the same university as her mother.

B) She worked as a nurse in the First World War.

C) She won the Nobel Prize two times.

D) She was also a Nobel Prize winner.

17. A) She fought bravely in a series of military operations.

B) She developed X-ray facilities for military hospitals.

C) She helped to set up several military hospitals.

D) She made donations to save wounded soldiers.

18. A) Both died of blood cancer.

B) Both fought in World War I.

C) Both won military medals.

D) Both married their assistants.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) They were the first settlers in Europe.

B) They were the conquerors of Norway.

C) They discovered Iceland in the ninth century.

D) They settled on a small island north of England.

20. A) It was some five hundred miles west of Norway.

B) It was covered with green most time of the year.

C) It was the Vikings' most important discovery.

D) It was a rocky mass of land covered with ice.

21. A) The Vikings' ocean explorations.

B) The making of European nations.

C) The Vikings' everyday life.

D) The Europeans' Arctic discoveries.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) Work hard for a better life.

B) Make mistakes now and then.

C) Dream about the future.

D) Save against a rainy day.

23. A) Teach foreign languages for the rest of his life.

B) Change what he has for his past imaginary world.

C) Exchange his two-story house for a beach cottage.

D) Dwell on the dreams he had dreamed when young.

24. A) Criminal law.

B) City planning.

C) Oriental architecture.

D) International business.

25. A) Dream and make plans.

B) Take things easy in life.

C) Be content with what you have.

D) Enjoy whatever you are doing.

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passagewith ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choicesgiven in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully beforemaking your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark thecorresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through thecentre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Technological changes brought dramatic new options to Americans living in the 1990s. During this decade new forms of entertainment, commerce, research, andcommunication became commonplace in the U.S. The driving force behind much ofthis change was a(n) 26 popularly known as the Internet.

The Internet was developed during the 1970s by the Department of Defense. In the caseof an attack, military advisers suggested the 27 of being able to operate one computerfrom another terminal. In the early days, the Internet was used mainly by scientists tocommunicate with other scientists. The Internet 28 under government control until1984.

One early problem faced by Internet users was speed. Phone lines could only transmitinformation at a 29 rate. The development of fiber-optic (光纖) cables allowed for billionsof bits of information to be received every minute. Companies like Intel developed fastermicroprocessors, so personal computers could process the 30 signals at a more rapidrate.

In the early 1990s, the World Wide Web was developed, in large part, for 31 purposes.Corporations created home pages where they could place text and graphics tosell products. Soon airline tickets, hotel 32 , and even cars and homes could bepurchased online. Universities 33 research data on the Internet, so students could find 34 information without leaving their dormitories. Companies soon discovered that workcould be done at home and 35 online, so a whole new class of telecommuters began toearn a living from home offices unshaven and wearing pajamas (睡衣).

A) advantage B) commercial C) conservation D) equipped E) incoming F) innovationG) limited H) local I) maintained J) occupations K) posted L) remained M) reservationsN) submitted O) valuable

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statementsattached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose aparagraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questionsby marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

The Health Benefits of Knitting

A) About 15 years ago, I was invited to join a knitting group. I agreed to give it a try.

B) My mother had taught me to knit at 15, and I knitted in class throughout college andfor a few years thereafter. Then decades passed without my touching a knitting needle. But within two Mondays in the group, I was hooked, not only on knitting but also oncrocheting (鉤織), and I was on my way to becoming a highly productive crafter.

C) I've made countless baby blankets, sweaters, scarves, hats, caps for newborns. I takea knitting project with me everywhere, especially when I have to sit still and listen. As Idiscovered in college, when my hands are busy, my mind stays focused on the here andnow.

D) It seems, too, that I'm part of a national renewal of interest in needle and otherhandicrafts (手工藝). The Craft Yarn Council reports that a third of women ages 25-35 now knit or crochet. Even men and schoolchildren are swelling the ranks, among themmy friend's three small grandsons. Last April, the council created a "Stitch Away Stress" campaign in honor of National Stress Awareness Month. Dr. Herbert Benson, a pioneerin mind/body medicine and author of The Relaxation Response, says that the repetitiveaction of needlework can induce a relaxed state like that associated with meditation(沉思) and yoga. Once you get beyond the initial learning curve, knitting and crochetingcan lower heart rate and blood pressure.

E) But unlike meditation, craft activities result in tangible and often useful productsthat can enhance self-esteem. I keep photos of my singular accomplishments on mycellphone to boost my spirits when needed.

F) Since the 1990s, the council has surveyed hundreds of thousands of knitters andcrocheters, who routinely list stress relief and creative fulfillment as the activities'main benefits. Among them is the father of a prematurely born daughter who reportedthat during the baby's five weeks in the intensive care unit, "learning how to knit infanthats gave me a sense of purpose during a time that I felt very helpless. It's a hobbythat I've stuck with, and it continues to help me cope with stress at work, provide asense of order in hectic (忙亂的) days, and allow my brain time to solve problems."

G) A recent email from the yarn (紡紗) company Red Heart titled "Health Benefits ofCrocheting and Knitting" prompted me to explore what else might be known about thehealth value of activities like knitting. My research revealed that the rewards go wellbeyond replacing stress and anxiety with the satisfaction of creation.

H) For example, Karen Hayes, a life coach in Toronto, conducts knitting therapyprograms, including Knit to Quit to help smokers give up the habit, and Knit to Heal forpeople coping with health crises, like a cancer diagnosis or serious illness of a familymember. Schools and prisons with craft programs report that they have a calmingeffect and enhance social skills. And having to follow instructions on complex craftprojects can improve children's math skills.

I) Some people find that craftwork helps them control their weight. Just as it'schallenging to smoke while knitting, when hands are holding needles and hooks, there'sless snacking and mindless eating out of boredom.

J) I've found that my handiwork with yarn has helped my arthritic (患關節炎的) fingersremain more dexterous (靈巧的) as I age. A woman encouraged to try knitting andcrocheting after developing an autoimmune disease that caused a lot of hand painreported on the Craft Yarn Council site that her hands are now less stiff and painful.

K) A 2009 University of British Columbia study of 38 women with an eating disorder whowere taught to knit found that learning the craft led to significant improvements. Seventy-four percent of the women said the activity lessened their fears and kept themfrom thinking about their problem.

L) Betsan Corkhill, a wellness coach in Bath, England, and author of the book Knit forHealth & Wellness, established a website, Stitchlinks, to explore the value of whatshe calls therapeutic knitting. Among her respondents, 54 percent of those who wereclinically depressed said that knitting made them feel happy or very happy. In a studyof 60 self-selected people with persistent pain, Ms. Corkhill and colleagues reported thatknitting enabled them to redirect their focus, reducing their awareness of pain. Shesuggested that the brain can process just so much at once, and that activities likeknitting and crocheting make it harder for the brain to register pain signals. Perhapsmost exciting is research that suggests that crafts like knitting and crocheting may helpto keep off a decline in brain function with age. In a 2011 study, researchers led by Dr. Yonas Geda at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester interviewed a random (隨機的) sample of1,321 people ages 70-89, most of whom were cognitively (在認知方面) normal, about thecognitive activities they engaged in late in life. The study, published in the Journal ofNeuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences, found that those who engaged in craftslike knitting and crocheting had a diminished chance of developing mild cognitivedisorder and memory loss.

M) Although it is possible that only people who are cognitively healthy would pursuesuch activities, those who read newspapers or magazines or played music did not showsimilar benefits. The researchers speculate that craft activities promote thedevelopment of nerve pathways in the brain that help to maintain cognitive health.

N) In support of that suggestion, a 2014 study by Denise C. Park of the University ofTexas at Dallas and colleagues demonstrated that learning to knit or do digitalphotography enhanced memory function in older adults. Those who engaged inactivities that were not intellectually challenging, either in a social group or alone, did not show such improvements.

O) Given that sustained social contacts have been shown to support health and a longlife, those wishing to maximize the health value of crafts might consider joining a groupof like-minded folks. I for one try not to miss a single weekly meeting of my knittinggroup.

36. When the author was a college student, she found that knitting helped herconcentrate.

37. Knitting can help people stay away from tobacco.

38. Even men and children are now joining the army of knitters.

39. Being a member of a crafts group enhances one's health and prolongs one's life.

40. Knitting diverts people's attention from their pain.

41. The author learnt to knit as a teenager, but it was not until she was much older thatshe became keenly interested.

42. When people are knitting, they tend to eat fewer snacks.

43. Survey findings show that knitting can help people relieve stress.

44. According to a study, knitters and crocheters are less likely to suffer mild cognitivedamage.

45. The products of knitting can increase one's sense of self-respect.

Section C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by somequestions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 46 and 50 are based on the following passage.

Nobody really knows how big Lagos is. What's indisputable is that it's growing veryquickly. Between now and 2050, the urban population of Africa could triple. Yet cities insub-Saharan Africa are not getting richer the way cities in the rest of the world have. Most urban Africans live in slums (貧民窟); migrants are often not much better off thanthey were in the countryside. Why?

The immediate problem is poverty. Most of Africa is urbanising at a lower level ofincome than other regions of the world did. That means there's little money around forinvestment that would make cities liveable and more productive. Without upgrades andnew capacity, bridges, roads and power systems are unable to cope with expandingpopulations. With the exception of South Africa, the only light rail metro system in sub-Saharan Africa is in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Traffic jam leads to expense andunpredictability, things that keep investors away.

In other parts of the world, increasing agricultural productivity and industrialisationwent together. More productive farmers meant there was a surplus that could feedcities; in turn, that created a pool of labour for factories. But African cities are different. They are too often built around consuming natural resources. Government isconcentrated in capitals, so is the money. Most urban Africans work for a smallminority of the rich, who tend to be involved in either cronyish (有裙帶關系的) businesses or politics. Since African agriculture is still broadly unproductive, food isimported, consuming a portion of revenue.

So what can be done? Though African countries are poor, not all African cities are. InLagos, foreign oil workers can pay as much as $65,000 per year in rent for a modestapartment in a safe part of town. If that income were better taxed, it might provide therevenue for better infrastructure. If city leaders were more accountable to their residents, they might favour projects designed to help them more. Yet even as new roads are built, new people arrive. When a city's population grows by 5% a year, it is difficult to keepup.

46. What do we learn from the passage about cities in sub-Saharan Africa?

A) They have more slums than other cities in the world.

B) They are growing fast without becoming richer.

C) They are as modernised as many cities elsewhere.

D) They attract migrants who want to be better off.

47. What does the author imply about urbanisation in other parts of the world?

A) It benefited from the contribution of immigrants.

B) It started when people's income was relatively high.

C) It benefited from the accelerated rise in productivity.

D) It started with the improvement of peopled livelihood.

48. Why is sub-Saharan Africa unappealing to investors?

A) It lacks adequate transport facilities.

B) The living expenses there are too high.

C) It is on the whole too densely populated.

D) The local governments are corrupted.

49. In what way does the author say African cities are different?

A) They have attracted huge numbers of farm labourers.

B) They still rely heavily on agricultural productivity.

C) They have developed at the expense of nature.

D) They depend far more on foreign investment.

50. What might be a solution to the problems facing African cities?

A) Lowering of apartment rent.

B) Better education for residents.

C) More rational overall planning.

D) A more responsible government.

Passage Two

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage.

For the past several decades, it seems there's been a general consensus on how to getahead in America: Get a college education, find a reliable job, and buy your own home. But do Americans still believe in that path, and if they do, is it attainable?

The most recent National Journal poll asked respondents about the American dream, what it takes to achieve their goals, and whether or not they felt a significant amount ofcontrol over their ability to be successful. Overwhelmingly, the results show that today, the idea of the American dream—and what it takes to achieve it—looks quite differentthan it did in the late 20th century.

By and large, people felt that their actions and hard work—not outside forces—were thedeciding factor in how their lives turned out. But respondents had decidedly mixedfeelings about what actions make for a better life in the current economy.

In the last seven years, Americans have grown more pessimistic about the power ofeducation to lead to success. Even though they see going to college as a fairly achievablegoal, a majority—52 percent—think that young people do not need a four-year collegeeducation in order to be successful.

Miguel Maeda, 42, who has a master's degree and works in public health, was the first inhis family to go to college, which has allowed him to achieve a sense of financialstability his parents and grandparents never did.

While some, like Maeda, emphasized the value of the degree rather than the educationitself, others still see college as a way to gain new perspectives and life experiences. Sixty-year-old Will Fendley, who had a successful career in the military and neverearned a college degree, thinks "personal drive" is far more important than just going tocollege. To Fendley, a sense of drive and purpose, as well as an effective high-schooleducation, and basic life skills, like balancing a checkbook, are the necessaryingredients for a successful life in America.

51. It used to be commonly acknowledged that to succeed in America, one had to have .

A) an advanced academic degree

B) an ambition to get ahead

C) a firm belief in their dream

D) a sense of drive and purpose

52. What is the finding of the latest National Journal poll concerning the Americandream?

A) More and more Americans are finding it hard to realize.

B) It remains alive among the majority of American people.

C) Americans' idea of it has changed over the past few decades.

D) An increasing number of young Americans are abandoning it.

53. What do Americans now think of the role of college education in achieving success?

A) It still remains open to debate.

B) It has proved to be beyond doubt.

C) It is no longer as important as it used to be.

D) It is much better understood now than ever.

54. How do some people view college education these days?

A) It promotes gender equality.

B) It needs to be strengthened.

C) It adds to cultural diversity.

D) It helps broaden their minds.

55. What is one factor essential to success in America, according to Will Fendley?

A) A desire to learn and to adapt.

B) A strong sense of responsibility.

C) A willingness to commit oneself.

D) A clear aim and high motivation.

Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chineseinto English. You should write your answer onAnswer Sheet 2.

華山位于華陰市,據西安120公里。華山是秦嶺的一部分,秦嶺不僅分割陜南與陜北,也分隔華南與華北。與從前人們常去朝拜的泰山不同,華山過去很少有人光臨,因為上山的道路極其危險。然而,希望長壽的人卻經常上山,因為山上生長著許多草藥,特別是一些稀有的藥草。自上世紀90年代安裝纜車以來,參觀人數大大增加。

2017年12月四級部分真題參考答案(完整版)

Part Ⅰ Writing

Teacher-student Relationship Is NeverComplex

The relationship between teachers and students has been hotly discussed in recent yearsin China, for more and more attention is paid to education. Today I would like to sharesome tips on how to get along well with teachers from students' perspective.

First and foremost, make a good first impression on your teachers. As the saying goes, well begun is half done. A good first impression is important for teachers to rememberyour name among your fellow students. Secondly, study hard and be active in class. Astudent who loves studying and cooperates with teachers in class can definitely impressteachers deeply. Finally, communicate with your teachers often after class so that youcould make good friends with them.

To conclude, teacher-student relationship is never complex if you could have excellentacademic performance, be cooperative in class or make friends with your teachers.

Part Ⅱ Listening Comprehension

1. D) It has got one of its limbs injured.

2. C) Its videos Were posted on social media.

3. A) The distance travelled.

4. D) Rush-hour traffic is worsening.

5. B) He helped a stranger to carry groceries to his car.

6. C) He raised a large sum of money for him.

7. B) He is an excellent student at school.

8. A) Attended an economics lecture.

9. C) Attend his brothers birthday party.

10. D) Join him in his brother's birthday celebration.

11. B) By train.

12. A) Taking a vacation abroad.

13. C) Working part time as a waiter.

14. B) Save enough money.

15. A) He has rich sailing experience.

16. D) She was also a Nobel Prize winner.

17. B) She developed X-ray facilities for military hospitals.

18. A) Both died of blood cancer.

19. C) They discovered Iceland in the ninth century.

20. D) It was a rocky mass of land covered with ice.

21. A) The Vikings' ocean explorations.

22. C) Dream about the future.

23. B) Change what he has for his past imaginary world.

24. D) International business.

25. C) Be content with what you have.

Part III Reading Comprehension

26-35:FALGE BMKON

36-45:CHDOL BIFLE

46-55:BBACD ACCDD

Part IV Translation

Mount Hua is located in Huayin City (Shaanxi, China), 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. Itis part of the Qin Mountains, which divide not only northern and southern Shaanxi, butalso south and north China. Unlike Mount Tai that used to be frequented by pilgrims, Mount Hua was not well visited by pilgrims as the roads up the mountain wereextremely dangerous. Back then, however, those who wished to enjoy longevityventured in Mount Hua quite a lot because numerous herbs, rare ones in particular, grew in the mountain. Since cable cars were installed in Mount Hua in the 1990s, thenumber of visitors has increased dramatically.

英語冠詞知識點

冠詞分不定冠詞(indefinite article)和定冠詞(definite article)兩種,一般無句子重音。

1)不定冠詞a,an

a) a和an均用在單數名詞之前,表示某一類人或事物中的"一個",相當于漢語的"一",但不強調數目觀念。

b) a用在輔音之前,an用在元音之前。如:anotebook一個筆記本,a cigarette一支香煙,an oldman一位老人,an English class一堂英語課。

字母u讀作[ju:]時,由于第一個音[j]是輔音,故前面用a,不用an。如:a useful book一本有用的書,a university一所大學。字母h如不發音,第一個音又是元音,前面用an而不用a,如an hour[?n'au?]一小時,an honest [?n' nist] person一個誠實的人。

c) a和an在句中分別弱讀作[E]和[En]。

2)定冠詞the

a)表示某一類人或事物中的"某一個"或"某一些",相當于漢語的"這"或"那"。

b)不論單數名詞或復數名詞,也不論可數名詞或不可數名詞,前面都可以用the。

c)在元音前讀[Ti],輔音前讀[TE]。如the evening [Ti5:vniN] (傍晚),the car [TEkB:] (汽車);在元音字母u發[ju:]和半元音字母。y發[j]時,仍讀[?TE]。如the unit [TE5ju:nit] (單位),theyard [TEjB:d] (院子)。

英語中不定冠詞a (an)的用法

1)指一個人、動物或一件事物屬于某一類。如:

Xiao Xu's father is a miner.小徐的父親是礦工。(而不是其他工種)

Give me a ballpen , please.請給我一支圓珠筆。(而不是鋼筆或其他種類)

2)指任何一個人、動物或一件事物。如:

A steel worker makes steel.鋼鐵工人煉鋼。(意即任何一個鋼鐵工人都煉鋼)

A triangle has three angles.三角形有三個角。(意即任何一個三角形都有三個角)

3)指某人或某物,但不具體說明何人或何物。如:

He comes from a firm in Beijing.他來自北京某一家公司。

A young man wants to see you.有個青年人要見你。

A car stopped in front of the gate.一輛汽車停在大門前。

4)不定冠詞還可指"事物的單位",如"每日"、"每斤"等。如:

Butter is 4 yuan a kilo.黃油四元錢一公斤。

He drove the car at 18 miles an hour.他行車速度為每小時十八英里。

The Chinese Export Commodities Fair is held in Guangzhou twice a year.中國出口商品交易會每年在廣州舉行兩次。

The doctor told him to take the medicine three times a day. 醫生叫他一天吃三次藥。

冠詞分不定冠詞(indefinite article)和定冠詞(definite article)兩種,一般無句子重音。

1)不定冠詞a,an

a) a和an均用在單數名詞之前,表示某一類人或事物中的"一個",相當于漢語的"一",但不強調數目觀念。

b) a用在輔音之前,an用在元音之前。如:a notebook一個筆記本,a cigarette一支香煙,anold man一位老人,an English class一堂英語課。

字母u讀作[ju:]時,由于第一個音[j]是輔音,故前面用a,不用an。如:a useful book一本有用的書,a university一所大學。字母h如不發音,第一個音又是元音,前面用an而不用a,如an hour[?n'au?]一小時,an honest [?n' nist] person一個誠實的人。

c) a和an在句中分別弱讀作[E]和[En]。

2)定冠詞the

a)表示某一類人或事物中的"某一個"或"某一些",相當于漢語的"這"或"那"。

b)不論單數名詞或復數名詞,也不論可數名詞或不可數名詞,前面都可以用the。

c)在元音前讀[Ti],輔音前讀[TE]。如the evening [Ti5:vniN] (傍晚),the car [TEkB:] (汽車);在元音字母u發[ju:]和半元音字母。y發[j]時,仍讀[?TE]。如the unit [TE5ju:nit] (單位),theyard [TEjB:d] (院子)。

英語中不定冠詞a (an)的用法

1)指一個人、動物或一件事物屬于某一類。如:

Xiao Xu's father is a miner.小徐的父親是礦工。(而不是其他工種)

Give me a ballpen , please.請給我一支圓珠筆。(而不是鋼筆或其他種類)

2)指任何一個人、動物或一件事物。如:

A steel worker makes steel.鋼鐵工人煉鋼。(意即任何一個鋼鐵工人都煉鋼)

A triangle has three angles.三角形有三個角。(意即任何一個三角形都有三個角)

3)指某人或某物,但不具體說明何人或何物。如:

He comes from a firm in Beijing.他來自北京某一家公司。

A young man wants to see you.有個青年人要見你。

A car stopped in front of the gate.一輛汽車停在大門前。

4)不定冠詞還可指"事物的單位",如"每日"、"每斤"等。如:

Butter is 4 yuan a kilo.黃油四元錢一公斤。

He drove the car at 18 miles an hour.他行車速度為每小時十八英里。

The Chinese Export Commodities Fair is held in Guangzhou twice a year.中國出口商品交易會每年在廣州舉行兩次。

The doctor told him to take the medicine three times a day. 醫生叫他一天吃三次藥。


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